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Webstory – X anniversario CCM

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CMC Calls for Universal Adoption of Convention on Cluster Munitions and End to All Use on 10th Anniversary

Ten years ago, on 1 August, the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) became international law, paving the way for clearance of contaminated communities, destruction of stockpiles, and establishing the international norm banning all use and solidifying global condemnation of the weapon. The CCM was also the first multilateral treaty to include provisions for assistance to victims as a formal obligation for all States Parties with victims.

At the time, Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) spokesperson Branislav Kapetanović, from Serbia, reflected that only a few years before, the idea of banning cluster bombs seemed an impossible dream.

“What this treaty shows is that ordinary people, including cluster bomb survivors like me, can be a part of extraordinary changes that bring real improvements to people’s lives all over the world,” said Kapetanović, a military munitions clearance specialist and cluster munition survivor, and now CMC Ambassador.

In the past ten years, some 1.5 million cluster munitions have been destroyed by 35 States Parties to the Convention. This means 99 per cent of the total global cluster munition stocks declared have been destroyed and can no longer kill or injure civilians – overwhelmingly the victims of cluster munitions, with a large proportion of these being children. Eleven countries in all, and nine States Parties, have also completed clearing their territory of cluster remnants, ensuring that their citizens are safe from this deadly legacy.

These gains are a testament to the collective power of states committed to end the suffering caused by cluster munitions, and to the promise of the Convention.

That promise is not yet fulfilled; ongoing use by the Syrian Government against civilians is a grim reminder of the toll cluster munitions are still taking. The legacy of suffering still being sown highlights the imperative to make every effort to stop all use immediately and loudly condemn use of the weapon anywhere, by anyone.

The solution to eradicating the weapon, and ending the death and suffering it causes, in Syria and elsewhere, lies in universal adoption of the Convention.

There were 108 countries on board when the Convention entered into force ten years ago,

Today, that number has grown to 121 countries. That progress falls short of the target of 130 States Parties by 2020, established at the First Review Conference of the CCM, and points to a need for new energy and commitment in order to ensure stigmatization against these nefarious weapons and the continued life-saving success of the Convention. The Cluster Munition Coalition is working steadfastly with stakeholders to bring states not party onboard as a matter of urgency.

The Convention will hold its Second Review Conference in November 2020 in Switzerland and the CMC is making all efforts to communicate the importance of the treaty to protecting civilians and promoting international humanitarian law.

Our message to states not party to the Convention is clear: join the CCM, help save lives, ensure survivors’ rights, prevent future suffering, and support livelihoods.

X Anniversario CCM

OIP

CS - Roma 1° agosto 2020

X Anniversario dell’entrata in vigore della Convenzione sulle Munizioni Cluster (CCM) Agire ora per porre fine al vergognoso disprezzo per il benessere dei civili coinvolti nei conflitti armati (Roma 1° agosto 2020): il 1° agosto di 10 anni fa entrava in vigore la Convenzione sulle Munizioni Cluster (CCM) divenendo uno strumento di diritto internazionale vincolante, dopo essere stata aperta alla firma nel 2008.

Ad oggi sono 108 i Paesi che hanno aderito a questo trattato umanitario che vieta l’impiego, la fabbricazione, il trasferimento e il deposito di munizioni a grappolo. Altri 13 paesi hanno firmato ma non ancora ratificato la CCM . Tra i 76 paesi che ancora non hanno aderito troviamo Argentina, Brasile e Stati Uniti. Malgrado la condanna da parte della comunità internazionale della Mine Action e di diversi Stati per “qualsiasi uso, da parte di chiunque ed in ogni luogo” si registra l’impiego di questi ordigni micidiali in Yemen, Libia e Siria, e come per le mine antipersona, questi ordigni sono in grado di uccidere e ferire facendo vivere nel pericolo e nella paura le popolazioni anche dopo anni dalla fine del conflitto se non vengono bonificate e distrutte.

In vista dell’importante appuntamento internazionale rappresentato dalla 2 Conferenza di Revisione della Convenzione sulle Munizioni Cluster (CCM), che si terrà dal 23 al 27 novembre prossimo presso lo SwissTech Convention Center di Losanna Svizzera, la celebrazione di questo anniversario diventa occasione per lanciare un appello a tutti quei paesi che ancora non sono parte della CCM di aderire ora senza ulteriori ritardi. In particolare, la Cluster Munition Coalition, e tutti i suoi membri tra cui anche la Campagna Italiana contro le mine, chiedono agli Stati Uniti di rivedere la sua sconsiderata politica sulle munizioni cluster e di aderire al trattato di messa al bando di queste armi indiscriminate. “ Il nostro impegno per contrastare questi ordigni micidiali si esprime sia al fianco dei colleghi della Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) dei quali supporteremo la Campagna di mobilitazione della durata di un mese per chiedere ai paesi che ancora non hanno aderito alla CCM di farlo al più presto perché dieci anni sono un tempo fin troppo lungo per non aver ancora agito” dichiara Giuseppe Schiavello direttore della Campagna italiana contro le mine “ a livello nazionale continuiamo a chiedere l’approvazione definitiva del ddl 1813 Misure per contrastare il finanziamento delle imprese produttrici di mine antipersona, di munizioni e submunizioni a grappolo che attualmente è in attesa di calendarizzazione presso la Commissione Finanze della Camera dei Deputati dal 29 maggio 2019, anche in questo caso sono dieci anni che la società civile aspetta l’approvazione di questo strumento giuridico che consentirebbe al nostro paese di confermare il proprio impegno, guidando con l’esempio, nell’ambito del disarmo umanitario e della tutale dei diritti umani. Poter presentare a Losanna la legge approvata sarebbe un contributo enorme da parte del nostro paese alla riunione internazionale. Invece, malgrado l’auspicio del Presidente della Repubblica Mattarella (messaggio della Presidenza della Repubblica in occasione del 4 aprile 2018 Giornata Internazionale per la Mine Action) “che il Parlamento italiano possa giungere presto a una nuova deliberazione legislativa, coerente con i principi costituzionali, per contrastare con efficacia anche il sostegno alle imprese produttrici di mine anti-persona e di munizioni a grappolo” a cui si è associato il Presidente della Camera Fico (comunicato del Presidente della Camera dei Deputati del 4 aprile 2018)vi e le rassicurazioni da parte di molti parlamentari, il ddl 1813 non riesce ad avanzare nel suo iter” conclude Schiavello.

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Giuseppe Schiavello 3404759230

g.schiavello@campagnamine.org

Stati Parte alla CCM (108): Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Austria, Belgio, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia ed Erzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Capo Verde, Ciad, Cile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo (Repubblica del), Cook Islands, Costa d’Avorio, Costa Rica, Croazia, Cuba, Danimarca, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eswatini, Fiji, Filippine, Francia, Gambia, Germania, Ghana, Giappone, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Iceland, Iraq, Irlanda, Italia, Lao PDR, Libano, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lituania, Lussemburgo, Macedonia del Nord, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldive, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Messico, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Mozambico, Namibia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Niger, Norvegia, Nuova Zelanda, Paesi Bassi, Palau, Palestina, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portogallo, Regno Unito, Repubblica Ceca, Repubblica Dominicana, Rwanda, Santa Sede, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, São Tomé and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovacchia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, Spagna, Svezia, Svizzera, Sri Lanka, Sud Africa, Trinidad and Tobago, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Uruguay, Zambia.

Stati firmatari che ancora non hanno ratificato (13): Angola, Cipro, DR Congo, Djibouti, Giamaica, Haiti, Indonesia, Kenia, Liberia, Nigeria, Repubblica Centrale Africana, Tanzania, Uganda.

Human Rights Wath riporta l’attacco avvenuto il 1° gennaio 2020 con uso di munizioni cluster verso una scuola primaria da parte delle forze governative siriane in cui sono morti 12 civili, tra cui 5 bambini tra i 6 e i 13 anni e altri 12 bambini sono rimasti feriti insieme ad un insegnante.

Con scadenza quinquennale le conferenze di revisione, previste dalla Convenzione stessa, svolgono un ruolo di monitoraggio e accertamento dei progressi ottenuti nell’implementazione della CCM dalla sua entrata in vigore.

Messaggio del Presidente della Repubblica Sergio Mattarella in occasione della Giornata Internazionale indetta dalle Nazioni Unite sul problema degli ordigni inesplosi e sostegno alla Mine Action http://www.quirinale.it/elementi/Continua.aspx?tipo=Comunicato&key=3689

Comunicato stampa della Presidenza della Camera dei Deputati http://www.camera.it/leg18/1131?shadow_comunicatostampa=6

XXIII Riunione del CNAUMA

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CNAUMA 27 luglio 2020 - Si è oggi tenuta la XXIII riunione del Comitato Nazionale per l’Azione Umanitaria contro le Mine Anti-persona (CNAUMA), organo consultivo che viene convocato una volta all’anno su impulso del MAECI al quale partecipano i Dicasteri e i rappresentanti della società civile impegnati nel bando contro le mine anti-persona.

Introducendo i lavori, la Vice Ministra per gli Affari Esteri e la Cooperazione Internazionale, Emanuela del Re, ha confermato il sostegno italiano all’attuazione delle Convenzioni di Ottawa per la proibizione dell’uso, stoccaggio, produzione e vendita delle mine antiuomo, nonché a quella di Oslo sulle munizioni a grappolo. Nel ricordare che l’Italia detiene nel 2020 la presidenza del Comitato sull’assistenza alle vittime, nel quadro della Convenzione di Ottawa, la Vice Ministra Del Re ha illustrato le linee strategiche per il 2020 nella gestione del “Fondo Nazionale per lo Sminamento Umanitario”, che conta nel 2020 su una dotazione di circa 4 milioni di euro e le cui attività si concentreranno principalmente, con un approccio integrato, sulla bonifica dei territori, l’educazione al rischio e l’assistenza alle vittime con particolare attenzione alla dimensione economico-sociale dell’azione contro le mine. In particolare, sono previste iniziative nei teatri di crisi più deteriorati, prevalentemente in Africa e Medio Oriente, tra cui: Libia, Yemen e Siria.

Nel corso del suo intervento, la Vice Ministra ha altresì espresso rammarico per l’annuncio dell’amministrazione statunitense di interrompere la moratoria de facto sull’uso di mine anti-persona da parte dei propri contingenti militari, che fino ad ora valeva soltanto per la Penisola coreana. “Benché Washington non sia parte della Convenzione, si tratta di un segnale negativo” ha affermato la Vice Ministra “che anche l’Unione Europea ha stigmatizzato”.

La Vice Ministra ha infine ricordato la sua partecipazione alla “Giornata Nazionale delle vittime civili della guerra e dei conflitti”, di cui ha sottolineato l’importanza nell’ambito delle attività della società civile, e confermato il proprio impegno perché possa proseguire il proprio iter parlamentare il disegno di legge c.d. “sui disinvestimenti”, che prevede il divieto per gli intermediari finanziari di sostenere qualsiasi operazione di credito nei confronti di imprese, con sede in Italia o all’estero, avente ad oggetto mine anti-persona, munizioni e sub munizioni a grappolo.

https://www.esteri.it/mae/it/sala_stampa/archivionotizie/comunicati/2020/07/partecipazione-della-vm-de-re-alla-xxiii-riunione-del-comitato-nazionale-per-l-azione-umanitaria-contro-le-mine-anti-persona-cnauma.html

‘Yazidi women are strong’: Iraq’s female landmine clearance teams

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Behind Hana Khider is a large grey wall map, with the minefields her team have been clearing marked in green. “This is the place where Yazidis lived together,” she says. “It’s where I lived in my childhood; I have so many memories here, it’s very important to me.”

The place is Sinjar, or Shingal as Yazidis know it, on Iraq’s north-western border with Syria. Khider, 28, is speaking via video call from her office in the region.

“This job is so important to me because I feel like I’m doing something good for my family, my community and the people who were displaced from Sinjar. By removing the mines, I’m helping them to maybe one day come back.”

In August 2014, Isis invaded and occupied this region. The group murdered about 5,000 Yazidis, kidnapped and enslaved 6,000 women and children and displaced a community that had been living in towns and villages nestled around Sinjar mountain, sacred to Yazidis, for centuries.

“Before we had a normal life. Everything was good, people were living their life happily. But after the genocide in 2014, everything changed. We’re no longer secure,” Khider says.

By the time Isis was pushed out of Sinjar in 2017, it had planted hundreds of thousands of landmines and other explosive devices in homes, buildings and fields. The group manufactured them on an industrial scale, but also used household items including pots, pans and even video game controllers – whatever it could get its hands on – to build improvised devices.

“People are killed or injured on a daily basis south of the mountain,” Khider explains. An important part of her work is educating the community and children in particular, who are at greatest risk. In one area, a man told her an explosion had killed his 15-year-old nephew as he was out in the fields looking after a herd. His other nephew sustained life-altering injuries.

A new film, Into the Fire, follows Khider and her team of Yazidi women at Mines Advisory Group (MAG), an international charity which removes unexploded bombs in former war zones across the world, as they clear Sinjar.

Demining in Iraq
Hana Khider: ‘People are killed or injured on a daily basis south of the mountain.’ Photograph: Sean Sutton/MAG

The high level of mine contamination is one reason why, three years on from Sinjar’s liberation from Isis, only about a quarter of the population have returned.

Almost 300,000 Yazidi people still live in tented camps and makeshift shelters in the nearby Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Conditions are poor and the community has inadequate access to services, including treatment for high rates of mental illness. Over 2,000 women and children are still missing.

Those who have gone back are living mainly north of the mountain that divides Sinjar, according to Portia Stratton, Iraq country director for MAG.

“The north of the mountain, although badly affected, was less contaminated than the south, as Isis held it for a much shorter period. Also with populations moving back more to the north, we have historically had more information about the contamination in those areas.

“In the south, especially, a lot of work remains to be done,” she says.

The charity cleared Khider’s village in 2016, enabling her and her family to move back, although not to their old house. It had sustained too much damage for that.

A high proportion of homes across the district have been similarly affected, with many completely destroyed. Shrines, schools and public buildings lie in ruins.

“There’s also a lack of services, like medical care and education, especially in the villages,” Khider says. Two of her children are in school, but they have to walk miles everyday through war damage to attend. “What I want more than anything is for them to be safe and free.”

Despite the dangers of her work, Khider never gets scared. “I have confidence in myself and I know that I’m doing the right thing.”

Part of the problem is that Sinjar falls within Iraq’s “disputed territories”, areas claimed by both the Iraqi central government and the Kurdistan regional government.

Political tussling has fuelled conflict, fragmented authority and left Yazidis and other minorities, including Assyrians, Turkmen and Shabaks, in Sinjar and the nearby Nineveh Plains, particularly vulnerable.

A high proportion of homes across the Sinjar district have been affected, with many completely destroyed.
A high proportion of homes across the Sinjar district have been affected, with many completely destroyed. Photograph: Sean Sutton/MAG

There is “a lack of functioning government”, according to Abid Shamdeen, the executive director of Nadia’s Initiative, a charity working in Sinjar set up by Nobel peace prize laureate Nadia Murad.

A lack of official law enforcement in the region also “engenders both chaos and fear”, he says.

A multitude of militias with competing affiliations operate in the area, preventing former residents from returning and hindering reconstruction. This insecurity was highlighted in mid-June by the latest in a series of Turkish air strikes on Sinjar Mountain targeting Kurdish militants, but hitting areas in close proximity to civilians.

“When will @IraqiGovt & the international community apply some courage & political will to resolving security challenges in Sinjar?” tweeted Murad in response.

Despite this precariousness, Khider is committed to the home that she loves. She has now started a new garden.

“I’ve planted simple things, some flowers, vegetables like cucumbers, tomatoes, aubergines,” she says. “I feel like they all have a soul and spirit. I feel happy just watching them.”

It is this attitude that attracted Orlando von Einsiedel, the Oscar-winning director of The White Helmets, to Khider’s story.

“Into the Fire doesn’t focus on the darkness of Isis and its actions. I wanted it instead to focus on the incredible resilience and fortitude of those who survived their atrocities and who are rebuilding their lives and their communities.”

He also hopes that the film will bring greater awareness of the role women play in rebuilding their communities after conflict. “Across the world, MAG has extraordinary teams of female deminers – many of them mothers – who totally challenge stereotypical perceptions of what is ‘woman’s work’.”

Some of Khider’s demining team are former Isis captives.
Some of Khider’s demining team are former Isis captives. Photograph: Sean Sutton/MAG

Khider thinks this work is one way the women on her team, some of whom are former Isis captives and all of whom lost family and friends in 2014, can recover.

“They’re doing this job that previously maybe only men were doing, and it gives them confidence in themselves. They’re doing something good for their community and their family, and they can also depend on themselves, financially and in other ways.”

Khider still works with all the women, but has since been promoted to lead a larger team that includes men. Since 2016 she and her colleagues have cleared more than 27,000 mines from areas liberated from Isis.

When she first saw Into the Fire, she says: “I felt sad seeing the reality that we are living in now and all the things that happened to my community and Yazidi people. But I also felt happy to see the good things that my team and I are doing.

“I hope the film shows people around the world that we Yazidi women are strong, we don’t give up and that we are able to stand up again and live our life, even after everything that we have been through.”

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/jul/07/yazidi-women-are-strong-kurdistans-female-landmine-clearance-teams

“ Il problema non è la disabilità. Il problema è la discriminazione”

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L’Inviata Speciale del Segretario Generale delle Nazioni Unite per la Disabilità Maria Soledad Cisternas Reyes parla del Comitato sull’Assistenza alle Vittime della Convenzione di Ottawa con il presidente uscente (Jaime Chissano- Mozambico) e con il presidente che ha ricevuto il testimone (Tancredi Francese – Italia).

 

 

https://www.facebook.com/AntiPersonnelMineBanConvention/videos/699498910833273

Libya: Landmines Left After Armed Group Withdraws

Clashes in Libyan capital Tripoli

(Washington, DC, June 3, 2020) – An armed group and affiliates fighting for control of the Libyan capital, Tripoli, appear to have used antipersonnel landmines and booby traps there in late May 2020, Human Rights Watch said today.

“Any use of internationally banned landmines is unconscionable,” said Steve Goose, arms division director at Human Rights Watch and chair of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, the Nobel Peace Co-Laureate. “Those fighting in Tripoli should halt using landmines and start clearing them to avoid further harm to life and limb.”

Fighters affiliated with the Libyan Arab Armed Forces (LAAF) commanded by Khalifa Hiftar, including foreign forces, appear to have laid mines as they withdrew from southern districts of the city. For months, LAAF and affiliated forces have been fighting the internationally recognized Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA).

During the 2011 revolution against Muammar Gaddafi, General Hiftar pledged that armed forces under his command would never use landmines because the indiscriminate weapons cannot distinguish between fighters and civilians. General Hiftar should publicly renew this pledge and instruct fighters under his command and foreign fighters supporting the LAAF to stop using landmines and destroy any stocks in their possession, Human Rights Watch said.

On May 25, the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) expressed concern at reports that residents of Tripoli’s Ain Zara and Salahuddin neighborhoods have been killed or wounded by improvised explosive devices placed “in/near” their homes. A relative stated that Zakaria al-Jamal died in an explosion on May 22, while checking his family’s home in Salahuddin. A graphic video posted on Twitter on May 25 shows a man named Muhammad Daleh who was killed and whose brother was lying heavily injured on the ground after reportedly trying to dismantle explosive devices in Tripoli.

GNA-aligned forces shared photographs on Twitter on May 29 showing four types of antipersonnel landmines manufactured in the Soviet Union or Russia and claiming they were “laid by the Wagner mercenaries,” a Kremlin-linked private military company that supports the LAAF in the Ain Zara, Al-Khilla, Salahuddin, Sidra, and Wadi al-Rabi districts of Tripoli. Other photographs shared on social media show mines equipped with tripwires and mines used as triggers to detonate larger improvised explosive devices. Video footage shows various explosive charges used to booby trap homes, including antivehicle mines, paired with various types of fuzes and a mix of electronic timers, circuit boards, and modified cell phones.

These devices were assembled and used in a manner intended to be detonated by the presence, proximity, or contact of a person, Human Rights Watch said. They are able to incapacitate, injure, or kill one or more people. Such victim-activated explosive devices are prohibited by the Mine Ban Treaty, regardless of whether the antipersonnel mine was assembled in a factory or improvised from locally available materials.

Libya’s governance has been divided between the two entities engaged in an armed conflict since April 2019: the GNA and the rival Interim Government affiliated with the LAAF in eastern Libya. Despite an arms embargo, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Jordan, and Russia have provided the LAAF with military support. Foreign fighters from Chad, Sudan, and Syria as well as fighters from a Russia-supported private company also support the armed group. The GNA’s main military backer is Turkey, with additional support from foreign fighters from Chad, Sudan, and Syria.

Libya is not one of the 164 nations that have committed to a comprehensive prohibition of antipersonnel mines, clearance, and victim assistance. The previous government of Muammar Gaddafi expressed interest in the Mine Ban Treaty but made no effort to join it. After Human Rights Watch documented landmine use by Gaddafi forces in 2011, Hiftar and other commanders of armed groups committed to never use landmines and to provide mine clearance, risk education about the dangers of the mines, and victim assistance.

The Gaddafi government acquired and stockpiled millions of landmines that were subsequently seized by anti-government fighters and civilians after storage facilities were abandoned or left unsecured in 2011. The antipersonnel mines discovered in Tripoli in May are of Soviet and Russian origin and include POM-2S, PMN-2, and olive drab-colored MON-50 mines that were not previously recorded in Libya, suggesting these landmines may have transferred into the country in recent years.

Libya is affected by landmines and explosive remnants of war dating back to World War II. Since then, landmines and explosive remnants of war in Libya have caused at least 3,252 casualties, according to Landmine Monitor.

“This latest landmine use is adding to Libya’s already considerable burden of uncleared mines, abandoned ordnance, unexploded ordnance, and danger for Libyans for years to come,” Goose said.

https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/06/03/libya-landmines-left-after-armed-group-withdraws

RACCOLTA FONDI – Our Future in Our Feet

Photo Campaign-

Our Future in our Feet – Paola Biocca Rehabilitation Center

https://www.launchgood.com/campaign/our_future_in_our_feet__paola_biocca_rehabilitation_center#!/

Emergency

744,795 is the current number of refugees registered in Jordan, among them approximately 655,000 are Syrians followed by 67,000 Iraqis and 15,000 Yemenis.

Our main patients are Syrian refugees, amputated as a result of injuries caused by bullets or mines, vulnerable Jordanians, Yemenis and Iraqi refugees.

Most of the refugees with a disability due to war are young people (under 30), women and children who have lost their lower limbs. Locally, enter the center also victims of accidents, surgical errors and diseases, mainly tumors and diabetes.

Our Project’s Goal

In this situation, our main effort is to keep on reaching the largest number of amputees in need and provide them with full rehabilitation services, medical and psychological support. To do so, we need your help to be able to purchase prosthetic and orthotic devices and carry out our project, ensuring continuity in the assistance of those who turn to our Center.

https://www.launchgood.com/campaign/our_future_in_our_feet__paola_biocca_rehabilitation_center#!/

Disabilità e COVID-19

Jesus-Martinez-17MSP_496x290
14 Aprile 2020 – Importance of Considering Persons with Disabilities Including Mine Survivors in COVID -19 Responses

By Jesus Martinez, landmine survivor and human rights activist for persons with disabilities and survivors of armed conflict, El Salvador

People with disabilities, including survivors, are often excluded from the various spheres of state activity and support. In the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic, we need to reflect on how state emergency measures to combat the virus should be upholding the rights of everyone, including survivors and other persons with disabilities without exception.

Almost all countries have declared a national emergency to combat the pandemic and El Salvador is no exception. Within this framework the country has implemented relative measures such as physical distancing, restrictions on mobility, and home confinement, among others.

These measures exacerbate the difficulties of individuals who require personal assistance, as well as persons with disabilities who require frequent healthcare, and those who are studying. The latter are affected in the sense that most of them do not have the technological and pedagogical resources or the accessible teaching materials (braille guides, auditory devices, videos with signed interpretation etc.) needed to continue their studies from home.

In the case of El Salvador, official information about the national emergency and measures to prevent contracting the coronavirus was not readily accessible for survivors with hearing, visual or intellectual disabilities.

In a public statement released on March 17, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Catalina Devandas stated clearly “Little has been done to provide the necessary guidance and supports to people with disabilities to protect them during the current COVID-19 pandemic, even though many of them belong to the high-risk group.” Her statement also noted that the measures of protection could be detrimental, “Containment measures, such as social distancing and personal isolation, may be impossible for those who require support to eat, dress, or shower.”

Rights and care for persons with disabilities in emergency situations

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), under article 11 relating to situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies, establishes that states shall adopt the measures necessary to guarantee the safety and protection of persons with disabilities, including survivors.

In ratifying the relevant conventions, the CRPD, Mine Ban Treaty, and the Convention on Cluster Munitions, states are obligated to implement measures, including national legislation to guarantee the rights of people with disabilities and survivors. However, with the arrival of COVID-19, states have focused their efforts on combatting the pandemic but have omitted the implementation of effective mechanisms for the full inclusion of survivors and persons with disabilities.

Equality and non-discrimination

National institutions in charge of the COVID-19 emergency response must take into account human diversity and must establish mechanisms that ensure equality and non-discrimination based on disability.

In the case of El Salvador, there is a lack of official information on the implementation measures to ensure the fundamental rights of persons with disabilities such as healthcare, education, and income generation are not diminished or eroded.

Right to health, including access to medicines and psychological care

Most state institutions in El Salvador, as elsewhere, have been closed due to the coronavirus. The exceptions are health institutions, which focus efforts on people affected by the coronavirus.

However, even in the case of public health emergencies individuals’ access to healthcare continues to be a human right, and survivors have specific needs such as mobility devices, rehabilitation, psycho-social support, and ongoing requirement for medication due to their injuries.

These are now less available due to the emergency. Survivors not only have to face the restrictive measures related to the pandemic, but also have to deal with the limited access to services  affected by disability.

Economic reintegration

Trade and economies are currently affected in all countries, and survivors in Latin America cannot escape this harsh new reality. Many are engaged in entrepreneurial projects. In such a situation, governments must establish effective mechanisms so that persons with disabilities are not overly burdened.

As a measure to alleviate the economic pressures on people with low-incomes, El Salvador is providing a one-time US$300 subsidy for the purchase of food. However, all pensioners including survivors were excluded from receiving this help, despite some survivors’ very low pensions allowances. That means that survivors’ living expenses are not covered because their sources of income, such as small businesses, have ceased due to the containment measures.

Statistical data and the right to an adequate standard of living

Many states lack statistical data on the number of persons with disabilities and survivors, their geographical location, socioeconomic status, age, and gender. As a result in such a national emergency they are effectively excluded from being identified for humanitarian assistance programs provided by the state or NGOs. Humanitarian assistance must go beyond the delivery of food packages and consider other needs related an individual’s disability and needs, including medication, rehabilitation, technical aids, and sanitation, among others.

Effective inclusion of survivors and persons with disabilities in the COVID-19 response and similar emergencies, requires that all states consult affected individuals and their representative organizations, since it is they who know best about their needs.

http://www.icbl.org/en-gb/news-and-events/news/2020/importance-of-considering-persons-with-disabilities-including-mine-survivors-in-covid-19-responses.aspx

CS – Drastico calo della produzione italiana di “armi comuni”

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Schermata 2020-04-14 alle 12.16.54

Comunicato Stampa

Drastico calo della produzione italiana di “armi comuni”: l’analisi di OPAL dei dati del Banco Nazionale di Prova di Brescia

Brescia, giovedì 9 aprile 2020

Cala per sesto anno consecutivo la produzione italiana di “armi comuni” che nel 2019 hasegnato il dato peggiore degli ultimi 15 anni: dopo il record di oltre 1 milione di armi prodotte nel 2013 è diminuita a poco più di 703mila del 2019 con un decremento complessivo del 31,5%, una riduzione quindi di quasi un terzo.

E’ quanto emerge dall’ampio studio curato da Carlo Tombola, coordinatore scientificodell’Osservatorio permanente sulle armi leggere e le politiche di sicurezza e difesa (OPAL) diBrescia dal titolo “I dati del Banco Nazionale di Prova di Brescia nel contesto dell’informazione sulla produzione e detenzione di armi in Italia”. Lo studio è un’anteprima nazionale in quanto i dati del Banco Nazionale di Prova (BNP) non sono stati ancora ufficialmente presentati al pubblico.

«Il numero delle armi testate e punzonate dal BNP costituisce una fonte preziosa perché rappresenta di fatto l’andamento della produzione nazionale di armi comuni da fuoco» –commenta Tombola. «Va però ricordato che una parte delle armi comuni, che differiscono da quelle prodotte per impiego militare, è venduta ed esportata anche a corpi di polizia e di sicurezzapubblica e privata, e non riguarda quindi solo l’utilizzo sportivo, venatorio o per difesa personale».

I dati del 2019 mostrano un calo complessivo del 6,8% per le armi provate rispetto al 2018, con una sostanziale tenuta delle “armi lunghe” (fucili da caccia e per tiro sportivo) che rappresentano la specialità dei produttori bresciani. Mostrano invece un drastico calo del 28% le“armi corte” (pistole e revolver) che sono più soggette alle fluttuazioni del mercato estero, in particolare alla domanda da parte di corpi di sicurezza esteri, e alla concorrenza dei paesi a basso costo del lavoro. Sono invece un numero limitato le armi importate e testate dal BNP (18mila).

Nella lunga serie storica di dati omogenei, si possono intravvedere anche le fluttuazioni del“ciclo lungo” tipico di questo specifico settore manifatturiero: dal 1973 ad oggi si sono infattiregistrati tre “record produttivi”, nel 1982, 1996 e 2013, tra loro distanti 14-17 anni. È pertantoplausibile pensare che l’acquisto di una nuova arma sia considerato dall’acquirente simile a quello di un “bene durevole”: la produzione del 2013 è stata sicuramente incentivata dalla domanda delmercato civile statunitense per i timori degli acquirenti a seguito degli annunci da partedell’amministrazione Obama di introdurre maggiori restrizioni nella legislazione. «Gli Stati Uniti rappresentano il principale mercato di esportazione – commenta Tombola – e, vista l’incetta di armi di questi giorni per la paura generata dall’epidemia da coronavirus, c’è da aspettarsi unaforte ripresa delle esportazioni dall’Italia e della produzione favorita anche dal permesso governativo di tenere aperti i “settori strategici” come quello, appunto, della produzione di armi e di sistemi militari».

Permane, invece, un fondamentale problema di trasparenza che accomuna tutto il settoredella produzione, delle vendite e dell’esportazione di “armi comuni”. «Se si eccettuano le cifre sulle esportazioni di armi da guerra e quelle ricavabili, non facilmente, dai dati del commercioestero dell’ISTAT, le informazioni attorno a uno dei settori del made in Italy più vantati per i suoi record e la sua immagine internazionale sono estremamente lacunose» – spiega Tombola.

L’Italia è il secondo maggior produttore mondiale di “armi comuni”. Tuttavia le aziende più rappresentative e le loro associazioni di categoria non solo non forniscono dati sulle proprievendite in Italia e all’estero, ma tendono a sottostimare fortemente la destinazione militare e per corpi privati di sicurezza della loro produzione e ancor più la responsabilità oggettiva circa la diffusione del loro prodotto.

«Questa opacità ha pesanti conseguenze sul dibattito pubblico nel nostro Paese intorno ai molti problemi che coinvolgono le armi da fuoco, la loro produzione ed esportazione, il loro uso» – commenta Piergiulio Biatta, presidente di OPAL. «Si pensi ad esempio alla mancanza di dati ufficiali e pubblici da parte del Viminale sulle licenze per armi, sul numero di armi legalmente detenute in Italia e sui crimini commessi da legali detentori di armi, tra cui omicidi e femminicidi. Si tratta di informazioni di interesse pubblico che il nostro Osservatorio chiede da anni insieme allaRete italiana per il disarmo e a molte altre associazioni. E’ ingiustificabile, ma non inspiegabile, soprattutto la poca attenzione di gran parte delle rappresentanze politiche sulle questioni della trasparenza relativa a questi settori che riguardano direttamente la sicurezza dei cittadini».

La ricerca di OPAL è disponibile gratuitamente a tutti coloro che ne fanno richiesta. E’sufficiente inviare una mail alla segreteria di OPAL: info@opalbrescia.org

L’Osservatorio Permanente sulle Armi Leggere e le Politiche di Sicurezza e Difesa (OPAL) di Brescia è un’associazione di promozione sociale attiva dal 2004, promossa da diverse realtà dell’associazionismo bresciano e nazionale (Diocesi di Brescia, Collegio delle Missioni Africane dei Missionari Comboniani, Associazione per l’Ambasciata della Democrazia Locale a Zavidovici -Onlus, Camera del Lavoro Territoriale di Brescia “CDLT”, Pia Società di San Francesco Saverio per leMissioni Estere dei Missionari Saveriani, Servizio Volontario Internazionale – S.V.I.) e da singoli aderenti, per diffondere la cultura della pace ed offrire alla società civile informazioni di caratterescientifico circa la produzione e il commercio delle “armi leggere” con approfondimenti sull’attività legislativa di settore. Membro della Rete Italiana per il Disarmo, l’Osservatorio ha promosso numerosi convegni, rassegne cinematografiche e spettacoli teatrali ed ha pubblicato sei annuari nei quali sono presenti ampi studi sulla produzione e esportazione di armi italiane e bresciane. Tutte le informazioni sono disponibili sul sito: www.opalbrescia.org.

Per contatti stampa:

  •   Carlo Tombola - Email: carlo.tombola@gmail.com – Cellulare: 349.6751366
  •   Piergiulio Biatta - Email: piergiulio.biatta@gmail.com - Cellulare: 338.8684212