All posts by Lia Morese

Uso di munizioni cluster in Nagorno-Karabakh

Schermata 2020-10-24 alle 11.15.38

Azerbaijan has repeatedly used widely banned cluster munitions in residential areas in Nagorno-Karabakh, Human Rights Watch said today. During an on-site investigation in Nagorno-Karabakh in October 2020, Human Rights Watch documented four incidents in which Azerbaijan used cluster munitions.

Fighting between Azerbaijan and Armenia and the de-facto authorities in Nagorno-Karabakh dramatically escalated on September 27, 2020. Two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by members of the Minsk Group of the Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe have failed to halt the fighting. According to authorities from all parties, scores of civilians have been killed or injured in attacks in Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh, and Azerbaijan.

“The continued use of cluster munitions – particularly in populated areas – shows flagrant disregard for the safety of civilians,” said Stephen Goose, arms division director at Human Rights Watch and chair of the Cluster Munition Coalition. “Cluster munitions should never be used by anyone under any circumstances, much less in cities, due to the foreseeable and unacceptable harm to civilians.”

In the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, Human Rights Watch is investigating whether all sides of the conflict adhere to international humanitarian law, which requires armed forces to distinguish between combatants and civilians, and between military objects and civilian objects, at all times. As such, indiscriminate attacks are prohibited, including attacks which employ a method or means of combat which cannot be directed at a specific legitimate military target. Human Rights Watch has made repeated requests to the Azerbaijani government for access to conduct on-site investigations, but access has not yet been granted.

Human Rights Watch examined remnants of the rockets, impacts, and remnants of submunitions that exploded, as well as dud submunitions that failed to function at several locations in Stepanakert, Nagorno-Karabakh’s administrative center, which is called Khankendi in Azerbaijan. Human Rights Watch also examined photographs taken in the town of Hadrut of a rocket, impacts, and remnants of submunitions that exploded, and a dud submunition that failed to explode. Human Rights Watch also spoke to six people who witnessed the attacks. Azerbaijani officials have accused the Armenian side of using cluster munitions in this conflict, but Human Rights Watch has not independently verified those claims.

Residents of Stepanakert told Human Rights Watch that attacks using cluster munitions began on the morning of September 27 in a residential area no more than 200 meters from the office of the International Committee of the Red Cross.

A 69-year-old woman who was in her apartment on the fourth floor of a building next to where Human Rights Watch observed scores of the distinctive impacts of the M095 submunitions said the building began to shake around 7:15 a.m.: “The children started to scream and everyone was panicking when the bombs started coming down. We opened the windows and saw that the cars were burning. We saw that they had small pink things that were making them burn, so we ran down to the basement.”

She said that a number of submunitions did not explode and that people in the neighborhood covered them with sand from the children’s playground until emergency responders came the next day to secure and remove them. She said glass broken from the blasts injured a number of people in the neighborhood. Another resident told Human Rights Watch that dozens of vehicles were damaged.

On October 12, Human Rights Watch visited the site and, in addition to the distinctive impacts of the submunitions, Human Rights Watch observed several damaged and burned vehicles and numerous broken windows in nearby apartments and a shop located in the courtyard. However, the exact damage to the area done by the submunitions is unknown because another subsequent attack was carried out with a different munition in roughly the same location.

At least one more LAR-160 cluster munition rocket was fired roughly into the same area several hundred meters away. Human Rights Watch observed the remnants of a LAR-160 rocket, scores of the distinctive impacts of the M095 submunitions, the remnants of the pink-colored stabilization ribbons, and submunition fragments. Numerous buildings, private business, and markets had varying degrees of damage from the attack.

Human Rights Watch spoke to one worker for a nongovernmental group who observed a fire in a shop following an attack in this second neighborhood when he visited the site at approximately 11:20 p.m. on October 3. Human Rights Watch also reviewed a photograph taken by this witness that, according to the photograph’s metadata, was captured on October 3 at 11:20 p.m.

video uploaded on the Telegram channel “Re:public of Artsakh” on October 4, captured another cluster munition rocket attack on Hakob Hakobyan Street in Stepanakert. Human Rights Watch spoke to two people who live on Hakob Hakobyan Street and witnessed the attack. One 55-year-old resident said that she was in her fourth-floor apartment during the attack. She said that some of the explosions occurred on the roof and ruptured the water pipes on the top of the building, causing water to run down from the upper floors. As a consequence, the water was shut off to the building.

Rescue services were able to clear the submunitions from the top of the building after several days and access to water was restored but there has been no electricity in the building since the attack. An individual familiar with the electrical grid told Human Rights Watch that they were working to restore electricity in the area but could only provide electricity to basements and shelters for the time being.

Human Rights Watch was not able to identify any military equipment or bases in the three neighborhoods where the attacks took place. Even if there had been, given the indiscriminate effects of cluster munitions, their use in a residential civilian setting is not permitted under the laws of war.

Human Rights Watch also examined 35 photographs and one video shared directly with Human Rights Watch from the town of Hadrut of a LAR-160 rocket and its fuse, impacts, and remnants of M095 submunitions that exploded, and dud submunitions that failed to explode in and around a home. According to the metadata of the media, they were recorded on October 3. Human Rights Watch verified the location of the video and photographs as taken in the town of Hadrut. On October 4, a video was uploaded on YouTube by the Armenian Service of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty that showed the same house and remnants.

Cluster munitions have been banned because of their widespread indiscriminate effect and long-lasting danger to civilians. Cluster munitions typically explode in the air and send dozens, even hundreds, of small bomblets over an area the size of a football field. Cluster submunitions often fail to explode on initial impact, leaving duds that act like landmines.

The 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions comprehensively prohibits cluster munitions and requires their clearance as well as assistance to victims. Armenia and Azerbaijan are not among the treaty’s 110 states parties. Both say that they cannot accede to the treaty until the dispute over Nagorno-Karabakh is resolved. Both should take the necessary steps to join the Convention on Cluster Munitions without delay, Human Rights Watch said.

Regardless of specific treaty obligations, all parties to the conflict are bound by the Geneva Conventions and customary international law and must abide by the fundamental principles of international humanitarian law, which requires armed forces to distinguish between combatants and civilians, and between military objects and civilian objects, at all times. It is also forbidden to carry out indiscriminate attacks or attacks that cause excessive civilian damage to the anticipated concrete military advantage.

“The repeated use of cluster munitions by Azerbaijan should cease immediately as their continued use serves to heighten the danger for civilians for years to come,” Goose said.
Human Rights Watch identified the remnants of Israeli-produced LAR-160 series cluster munition rockets and unexploded M095 dual-purpose submunitions in Stepanakert and Hadrut. Each rocket carries 104 submunitions and each submunition is equipped with a self-destruct mechanism. Azerbaijan received these surface-to-surface rockets and launchers from Israel in 2008–2009. Neither Armenia, nor Nagorno-Karabakh de-facto authorities, are known to stockpile cluster munitions but they possess multi-barrel rocket launchers capable of delivering these weapons.

Human Rights Watch identified the Israeli-produced M095 dual-purpose submunition in each location. When this submunition detonates on impact, it produces lethal pre-formed metal fragments and a jet of molten metal intended to destroy vehicles and materiel. Human Rights Watch observed hundreds of the distinctive impacts of M095 submunitions as well as remnants of the pink-colored nylon stabilization ribbons in three neighborhoods in Stepanakert.

On October 13, Human Rights Watch visited the site where the witness saw and photographed the burning shop at 11:20 p.m. on October 3 and observed the same scorched building visible in the photograph and at least three pink stabilization ribbons a few meters away from the building as well as numerous distinctive impacts consistent with M095 submunitions. Human Rights Watch found remnants of a LAR-160 rocket 10 meters from the building and observed impacts to the roof of the building that were consistent with kinetic damage. According to available satellite imagery, the attack took place between September 27 and October 8. On October 8, the imagery shows damage to the building that is consistent with fire.

In the attack on Hakob Hakobyan Street, the distinctive auditory signature of at least three separate rockets dispersing payloads of submunitions, and their subsequent detonations can be heard in the video of the attack, believed to have been filmed by a vehicle’s dashcam. On October 12, Human Rights Watch visited the site where the video was taken and counted over 100 individual impacts on the same street. Human Rights Watch also observed scores of submunition impacts on immediately adjacent streets and on rooftops of office and residential buildings on several adjacent streets within a 100-meter radius. In a separate visit on October 13, Human Rights Watch found the remnants of a LAR-160 series rocket less than 100 meters from the location the video of the attack was taken. Human Rights Watch observed damage to power lines, children’s playgrounds, vehicles, businesses, homes, the main post office, and the Karabakh Telecom building.

Cluster Munitions Attacks in Nagorno-Karabakh Deserve Condemnation


Cluster Munitions Attacks in Nagorno-Karabakh Deserve Condemnation: Armenia and Azerbaijan Should Commit to Join Ban Treaty

(Geneva, 6 October 2020) – The Cluster Munition Coalition condemns the use of cluster munitions in Nagorno-Karabakh and calls on Armenia and Azerbaijan to join the treaty banning these weapons.

“The evidence showing banned cluster munitions are being used in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is deeply alarming,” said Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) Director Hector Guerra. “To avoid harming more civilians, Armenia and Azerbaijan should commit not to use cluster munitions and take steps to join the Convention on Cluster Munitions without delay.”

According to Amnesty International, Azerbaijani forces appear to have fired cluster munitions rockets in Stepanakert, Nagorno-Karabakh on 3-4 October. It identified them as Israeli-made M095 DPICM cluster munitions. Officials from Azerbaijan have reportedly denied that their forces are using cluster munitions in Nagorno-Karabakh and allege that Armenian forces are using them.

Previously, in 2016, cluster munitions were used in Nagorno-Karabakh. Armenia and Azerbaijan claim to not produce or export cluster munitions, however, Azerbaijan inherited a stockpile of the weapon from the Soviet Union and has received transfers from Israel.

Both countries say they cannot accede to the Convention on Cluster Munitions until the Nagorno- Karabakh conflict is resolved.

A total of 123 nations have joined the Convention on Cluster Munitions. Switzerland will host the convention’s Second Review Conference in Lausanne on 23-27 November. The Cluster Munition Coalition is cooperating closely with States Parties to bring as many new states on board the convention as possible in the run-up to the Second Review Conference.

“Our message is clear: we loudly condemn any use of cluster munitions by anyone, anywhere, and call on Armenia and Azerbaijan, and all states not party, to join the convention immediately to save lives and prevent future tragedies”, said Hector Guerra.

### Ends ###

Schermata 2020-10-06 alle 17.25.20


  • CMC Webpage -
  • CMC Twitter -
  • Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor Twitter -
  • Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor -
  • Convention on Cluster Munitions - https://www.clusterconvention.orgFor more information, or to schedule an interview, contact:• Jared Bloch, Communications and Network Administration Manager, (CET), Mobile/WhatsApp +41 (0) 78-683-4407 or email

Schermata 2020-10-06 alle 17.26.00

Report Confronting Conflict Pollution

Schermata 2020-10-06 alle 16.44.11

Presentato il report Confronting Conflict Pollution: Principles for Assisting Victims of Toxic Remnants of War co-pubblicato dalla Harvard Law School’s International Human Rights Clinic e dal Conflict and Environment Observatory. Il report si basa ampiamente sui principi di assistenza alle vittime proposti dal disarmo umanitario.




Link da cui si può scaricare il REPORT

Mine Action e Covid19

Schermata 2020-09-29 alle 17.25.09

Da sabato 3 ottobre nelle librerie italiane, associato a una copia dell’Atlante delle guerre e dei conflitti, esce un aggiornamento dedicato allo sviluppo del Covid19 e ai suoi riflessi sugli equilibri geopolitici mondiali. L’aggiornamento di 32 pagine è dedicato allo sviluppo della pandemia non solo dal punto di vista sanitario, ma entra nel dettaglio di quali sono state le principali strategie per contenerla e sconfiggerla. E soprattutto quali sono state le conseguenze socio-economiche e politiche a livello mondiale. Descrive inoltre i riposizionamenti strategici e militari, la rete delle alleanze internazionali, gli scontri che la pandemia ha alimentato o creato, la tregua inascoltata  lanciata dall’Onu e dal Papa  e i casi in cui la “scusa” della pandemia ha permesso leggi speciali e la sospensione dei diritti. Con una ricca presenza di infografiche, cartine geografiche e le fotografie di Fabio Bucciarelli realizzate per il New York Times.

Dall’editoriale di Raffaele Crocco direttore del Progetto Atlante delle guerre
 “Ci abbiamo sperato, diciamolo: per lungo tempo abbiamo sperato che la grande crisi nata dal Covid19 creasse le condizioni per un Mondo migliore. Non sarà così. Sarà semplicemente un Mondo diverso. La pandemia non ha riequilibrato la distribuzione della ricchezza. Mancano i dati, ma l’impressione è che i ricchi lo siano diventati un po’ di più. Certo, il Pil mondiale è crollato ovunque, con punte del 30% negli Stati Uniti nei primi sei mesi del 2020, del 10-12% nell’Unione Europea, del 25% in Africa. Ma ad essere colpiti sono stati soprattutto i poveri. L’economia informale, quella di strada, che consentiva a miliardi di persone di vivere in Africa, America Latina e Asia, è stata spazzata via. I lavoratori dipendenti di Europa e Stati Uniti hanno visto i loro posti di lavoro sfumare, spesso con scadenti ammortizzatori sociali a disposizione. E mentre tutto questo accade, alcune cose non si fermano, immense risorse – che potrebbero essere impiegate per contrastare l’epidemia sul piano sanitario, sociale ed economico – vengono investite in altro. Ad esempio, in armi…”

MIne Action e Covid19 - 2020.pdf



Qui in particolare troverete l ‘articolo di Giuseppe Schiavello, Direttore ItCBL Campagna Italiana Contro le Mine

Schermata 2020-09-29 alle 17.28.07

L’unione fa la forza: nasce Rete Italiana Pace e Disarmo

Schermata 2020-09-22 alle 10.35.30

Il 21 settembre è la Giornata internazionale della Pace, istituita fin dal 1981 dall’Assemblea Generale delle Nazioni Unite con un invito a tutti gli stati membri, organizzazioni regionali e non governative e ad ogni singolo individuo, a commemorare il giorno in maniera appropriata, attraverso l’educazione e la consapevolezza pubblica. La pace globale ha bisogno di nonviolenza e del cessate il fuoco rivolto a tutti i belligeranti nel mondo chiamati a deporre le armi e terminare la guerra. Il tema scelto dall’Onu per il 2020 è “Shaping Peace Together, creiamo insieme la pace”.

Proprio per questo abbiamo scelto la data del 21 settembre 2020 per annunciare la nascita di Rete Italiana Pace e Disarmo, una nuova Rete organizzata nella quale confluiscono la Rete della Pace (fondata nel 2014) e la Rete Italiana Disarmo (fondata nel 2004). Si tratta del nostro contributo specifico al messaggio dell’Onu, creiamo insieme la pace a partire dall’unione delle nostre forze, degli obiettivi comuni, per rafforzare e far crescere il lavoro collettivo per la pace ed il disarmo.

Questo appuntamento rappresenta un’ulteriore tappa di un lungo percorso che ci ha visto lavorare insieme su alcune temi e Campagne già in corso anche a livello internazionale (Stop Bombe in Yemen, NO F-35, Difesa Civile non armata e nonviolenta, disarmo nucleare con ICAN per l’adesione al Trattato per la messa al bando della armi nucleari, IoAccolgo, Pace Diritto Giustizia in Israele/Palestina, per la riduzione delle spese militari, per il controllo dell’export di armi e la difesa della Legge 185/90, per gli interventi civili di pace nei conflitti in corso, campagna Control Arms, rete ENAAT, campagna Stop Killer Robots, campagna INEW contro le armi esplosive). Vogliamo andare avanti insieme su quanto fatto e quanto ci resta ancora da fare, per dare voce alle esperienze di resistenza civile e nonviolenta e fissare nuovi obiettivi comuni.

Sono davvero numerose le associazioni, grandi e piccole, del mondo pacifista, nonviolento, disarmista, della solidarietà, del servizio civile, della giustizia sociale, della cultura, dell’ambientalismo, che hanno deciso di unirsi in un’unica grande rete. Non è un processo di “fusione fredda” dall’alto, ma una tappa di un percorso di lavoro già fatto insieme nei territori, dal basso, partecipando a campagne comuni, che ora trova sbocco in una organizzazione unitaria. Finalmente un processo di aggregazione, non di

separazione. Sentiamo l’esigenza di confrontarci tra diversi soggetti, culture e sensibilità, sulle scelte economiche del nostro Paese che da decenni hanno ripreso a privilegiare l’industria ed il commercio di armi, piuttosto che investire nell’economia di pace, nella sicurezza del territorio, nei servizi e nella difesa civile e nonviolenta.

Noi siamo profondamente convinti che l’attuale politica, che investe miliardi in armi e solo briciole in progetti di pace, non ci difende e non ci protegge ma, al contrario, ci danneggia e approfondisce la crisi economica, sociale ed ambientale che vive la nostra società, allargando il solco di sfiducia che separa la comunità dalla politica.

Il risultato delle scelte politiche degli ultimi decenni è sotto gli occhi di tutti:

  • è in corso la più forte corsa agli armamenti a cui si sia mai assistito, una imponente crescita quantitativa e qualitativa degli arsenali che sottrae enormi risorse alla lotta contro la povertà;
  • il crollo del diritto internazionale, le grandi organizzazioni sovranazionali, dall’Europa all’Onu, sono in crisi profonda di legittimità e credibilità;
  • tornano a diffondersi ideologie nazionaliste, razziste e fondamentaliste;
  • la crisi economica globale, ulteriormente aggravata dalla pandemia, tende ad

    esasperare la conflittualità, anche all’interno dell’Europa;

  • l’insostenibilità del modello di sviluppo che sta distruggendo il pianeta, provocando le

    variazioni climatiche, e produce sempre maggiori diseguaglianze;

  • la criminalizzazione della solidarietà e la chiusura delle frontiere di fronte alle richieste di

    protezione e di accoglienza da parte di migranti e richiedenti asilo.

    Ci sono purtroppo tutte le condizioni perché la guerra, sdoganata come strumento di politica internazionale alla fine del secolo scorso, torni ad essere la protagonista dei rapporti internazionali e possa portare ad un nuovo conflitto globale.

    Sono queste le preoccupazioni e le ragioni che ci spingono a proseguire il percorso di dialogo e di confronto tra le diverse sensibilità dell’arcipelago associativo impegnato quotidianamente ad affermare che un’altra politica è urgente, possibile e necessaria,producendo informazione corretta, elaborando dati e proposte concrete per modificare in meglio le leggi e agendo sia nelle politiche locali, dei singoli territori, sia per modificare le grandi scelte politiche e strategiche, anche internazionali. I risultati ottenuti finora da alcune nostre Campagne ci danno fiducia e ci fanno sperare.

    Per fare tutto questo, c’è bisogno di competenze, di studio, di pensiero, di informazioni e di azioni, personali e politiche. Per questo abbiamo unito le nostre forze, e trovato terreni di unità per un futuro di pace e disarmo. La nostra forza è la nonviolenza, la nostra unità è nell’azione concreta diffusa sui territori. Per la pace e il disarmo.

“Ci sono cose da non fare mai, né di giorno né di notte,
né per mare né per terra:
per esempio, la guerra.”

Gianni Rodari (nel centenario della nascita)

Rete Italiana Pace e Disarmo

Le organizzazioni aderenti a Rete della Pace

(ACLI, AGESCI, Accademia apuana della pace, Ambasciata democrazia locale, Amici della mezza luna rossa palestinese, ANSPS, AOI – Associazione di cooperazione e di solidarietà internazionale, Ara pacis iniziative, Archivio disarmo, ARCI, ARCI Bassa Val di Cecina, ARCI Verona, ARCS, Arci servizio civile, Associazione Perugia Palestina, Associazione per la pace, Associazione per la pace di Modena, AssopacePalestina, AUSER, CDMPI – Centro di Documentazione del Manifesto Pacifista Internazionale, CGIL, CGI Padova, CGIL Verona, CNCA, Comunità araba siriana in Umbria, Coordinamento comunità palestinesi, Coordinamento comasco per la pace, Coordinamento pace in comune Milano, CTA – centro turistico Acli PG – Encuentrarte, FIOM Cgil, FOCSIV, Fondazione Angelo Frammartino, Fondazione culturale responsabilità Etica, IPRI – rete CCP, IPSIA, Lega per i diritti dei popoli, Legambiente, Link2007 cooperazione in rete, Link – coordinamento universitario, Lunaria, MIR, Movimento europeo, Movimento nonviolento, Nexus Emilia Romagna, Per il mondo, Peacewaves, Piattaforma ong MO, Restiamo umani con Vik Venezia, Rete degli studenti medi, Rete della conoscenza, Rete della pace umbra, Tavola della pace valle Brembana, Tavola pace val di Cecina, Tavola sarda della pace, Tavola della pace di Bergamo, U.S. Acli, UDS, UDU, UISP, Un ponte per…, Ventiquattro marzo)

Le organizzazioni aderenti a Rete Italiana per il Disarmo

(ACLI – Archivio Disarmo – ARCI – ARCI Servizio Civile – Associazione Obiettori Nonviolenti – Associazione Papa Giovanni XXIII – Associazione per la Pace – Assopace Palestina – Beati i costruttori di Pace – Centro Studi Difesa Civile – Commissione globalizzazione e ambiente (GLAM) della FCEI – Conferenza degli Istituti Missionari in Italia – Coordinamento Comasco per la Pace – FIM-Cisl – FIOM-Cgil – Fondazione Finanza Etica – Gruppo Abele – Libera – Movimento Internazionale della Riconciliazione – Movimento Nonviolento – Noi Siamo Chiesa – Opal Brescia – Pax Christi Italia – Un ponte per… )

Rete Italiana Pace e Disarmo

Segreteria Nazionale c/o Casa per la Nonviolenza, via Spagna 8 – Verona

per contatti mail:

per contatti telefonici:

045/8009803 (Segreteria)
328/3399267 (Francesco Vignarca – Rete Italiana Disarmo) 335/1219622 (Sergio Bassoli – Rete della Pace)

Webstory – X anniversario CCM


CMC Calls for Universal Adoption of Convention on Cluster Munitions and End to All Use on 10th Anniversary

Ten years ago, on 1 August, the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) became international law, paving the way for clearance of contaminated communities, destruction of stockpiles, and establishing the international norm banning all use and solidifying global condemnation of the weapon. The CCM was also the first multilateral treaty to include provisions for assistance to victims as a formal obligation for all States Parties with victims.

At the time, Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) spokesperson Branislav Kapetanović, from Serbia, reflected that only a few years before, the idea of banning cluster bombs seemed an impossible dream.

“What this treaty shows is that ordinary people, including cluster bomb survivors like me, can be a part of extraordinary changes that bring real improvements to people’s lives all over the world,” said Kapetanović, a military munitions clearance specialist and cluster munition survivor, and now CMC Ambassador.

In the past ten years, some 1.5 million cluster munitions have been destroyed by 35 States Parties to the Convention. This means 99 per cent of the total global cluster munition stocks declared have been destroyed and can no longer kill or injure civilians – overwhelmingly the victims of cluster munitions, with a large proportion of these being children. Eleven countries in all, and nine States Parties, have also completed clearing their territory of cluster remnants, ensuring that their citizens are safe from this deadly legacy.

These gains are a testament to the collective power of states committed to end the suffering caused by cluster munitions, and to the promise of the Convention.

That promise is not yet fulfilled; ongoing use by the Syrian Government against civilians is a grim reminder of the toll cluster munitions are still taking. The legacy of suffering still being sown highlights the imperative to make every effort to stop all use immediately and loudly condemn use of the weapon anywhere, by anyone.

The solution to eradicating the weapon, and ending the death and suffering it causes, in Syria and elsewhere, lies in universal adoption of the Convention.

There were 108 countries on board when the Convention entered into force ten years ago,

Today, that number has grown to 121 countries. That progress falls short of the target of 130 States Parties by 2020, established at the First Review Conference of the CCM, and points to a need for new energy and commitment in order to ensure stigmatization against these nefarious weapons and the continued life-saving success of the Convention. The Cluster Munition Coalition is working steadfastly with stakeholders to bring states not party onboard as a matter of urgency.

The Convention will hold its Second Review Conference in November 2020 in Switzerland and the CMC is making all efforts to communicate the importance of the treaty to protecting civilians and promoting international humanitarian law.

Our message to states not party to the Convention is clear: join the CCM, help save lives, ensure survivors’ rights, prevent future suffering, and support livelihoods.

X Anniversario CCM


CS - Roma 1° agosto 2020

X Anniversario dell’entrata in vigore della Convenzione sulle Munizioni Cluster (CCM) Agire ora per porre fine al vergognoso disprezzo per il benessere dei civili coinvolti nei conflitti armati (Roma 1° agosto 2020): il 1° agosto di 10 anni fa entrava in vigore la Convenzione sulle Munizioni Cluster (CCM) divenendo uno strumento di diritto internazionale vincolante, dopo essere stata aperta alla firma nel 2008.

Ad oggi sono 108 i Paesi che hanno aderito a questo trattato umanitario che vieta l’impiego, la fabbricazione, il trasferimento e il deposito di munizioni a grappolo. Altri 13 paesi hanno firmato ma non ancora ratificato la CCM . Tra i 76 paesi che ancora non hanno aderito troviamo Argentina, Brasile e Stati Uniti. Malgrado la condanna da parte della comunità internazionale della Mine Action e di diversi Stati per “qualsiasi uso, da parte di chiunque ed in ogni luogo” si registra l’impiego di questi ordigni micidiali in Yemen, Libia e Siria, e come per le mine antipersona, questi ordigni sono in grado di uccidere e ferire facendo vivere nel pericolo e nella paura le popolazioni anche dopo anni dalla fine del conflitto se non vengono bonificate e distrutte.

In vista dell’importante appuntamento internazionale rappresentato dalla 2 Conferenza di Revisione della Convenzione sulle Munizioni Cluster (CCM), che si terrà dal 23 al 27 novembre prossimo presso lo SwissTech Convention Center di Losanna Svizzera, la celebrazione di questo anniversario diventa occasione per lanciare un appello a tutti quei paesi che ancora non sono parte della CCM di aderire ora senza ulteriori ritardi. In particolare, la Cluster Munition Coalition, e tutti i suoi membri tra cui anche la Campagna Italiana contro le mine, chiedono agli Stati Uniti di rivedere la sua sconsiderata politica sulle munizioni cluster e di aderire al trattato di messa al bando di queste armi indiscriminate. “ Il nostro impegno per contrastare questi ordigni micidiali si esprime sia al fianco dei colleghi della Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) dei quali supporteremo la Campagna di mobilitazione della durata di un mese per chiedere ai paesi che ancora non hanno aderito alla CCM di farlo al più presto perché dieci anni sono un tempo fin troppo lungo per non aver ancora agito” dichiara Giuseppe Schiavello direttore della Campagna italiana contro le mine “ a livello nazionale continuiamo a chiedere l’approvazione definitiva del ddl 1813 Misure per contrastare il finanziamento delle imprese produttrici di mine antipersona, di munizioni e submunizioni a grappolo che attualmente è in attesa di calendarizzazione presso la Commissione Finanze della Camera dei Deputati dal 29 maggio 2019, anche in questo caso sono dieci anni che la società civile aspetta l’approvazione di questo strumento giuridico che consentirebbe al nostro paese di confermare il proprio impegno, guidando con l’esempio, nell’ambito del disarmo umanitario e della tutale dei diritti umani. Poter presentare a Losanna la legge approvata sarebbe un contributo enorme da parte del nostro paese alla riunione internazionale. Invece, malgrado l’auspicio del Presidente della Repubblica Mattarella (messaggio della Presidenza della Repubblica in occasione del 4 aprile 2018 Giornata Internazionale per la Mine Action) “che il Parlamento italiano possa giungere presto a una nuova deliberazione legislativa, coerente con i principi costituzionali, per contrastare con efficacia anche il sostegno alle imprese produttrici di mine anti-persona e di munizioni a grappolo” a cui si è associato il Presidente della Camera Fico (comunicato del Presidente della Camera dei Deputati del 4 aprile 2018)vi e le rassicurazioni da parte di molti parlamentari, il ddl 1813 non riesce ad avanzare nel suo iter” conclude Schiavello.


Per interviste

Giuseppe Schiavello 3404759230

Stati Parte alla CCM (108): Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Austria, Belgio, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia ed Erzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Capo Verde, Ciad, Cile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo (Repubblica del), Cook Islands, Costa d’Avorio, Costa Rica, Croazia, Cuba, Danimarca, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eswatini, Fiji, Filippine, Francia, Gambia, Germania, Ghana, Giappone, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Iceland, Iraq, Irlanda, Italia, Lao PDR, Libano, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Lituania, Lussemburgo, Macedonia del Nord, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldive, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Messico, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Mozambico, Namibia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Niger, Norvegia, Nuova Zelanda, Paesi Bassi, Palau, Palestina, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portogallo, Regno Unito, Repubblica Ceca, Repubblica Dominicana, Rwanda, Santa Sede, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, São Tomé and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovacchia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, Spagna, Svezia, Svizzera, Sri Lanka, Sud Africa, Trinidad and Tobago, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Uruguay, Zambia.

Stati firmatari che ancora non hanno ratificato (13): Angola, Cipro, DR Congo, Djibouti, Giamaica, Haiti, Indonesia, Kenia, Liberia, Nigeria, Repubblica Centrale Africana, Tanzania, Uganda.

Human Rights Wath riporta l’attacco avvenuto il 1° gennaio 2020 con uso di munizioni cluster verso una scuola primaria da parte delle forze governative siriane in cui sono morti 12 civili, tra cui 5 bambini tra i 6 e i 13 anni e altri 12 bambini sono rimasti feriti insieme ad un insegnante.

Con scadenza quinquennale le conferenze di revisione, previste dalla Convenzione stessa, svolgono un ruolo di monitoraggio e accertamento dei progressi ottenuti nell’implementazione della CCM dalla sua entrata in vigore.

Messaggio del Presidente della Repubblica Sergio Mattarella in occasione della Giornata Internazionale indetta dalle Nazioni Unite sul problema degli ordigni inesplosi e sostegno alla Mine Action

Comunicato stampa della Presidenza della Camera dei Deputati

XXIII Riunione del CNAUMA

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CNAUMA 27 luglio 2020 - Si è oggi tenuta la XXIII riunione del Comitato Nazionale per l’Azione Umanitaria contro le Mine Anti-persona (CNAUMA), organo consultivo che viene convocato una volta all’anno su impulso del MAECI al quale partecipano i Dicasteri e i rappresentanti della società civile impegnati nel bando contro le mine anti-persona.

Introducendo i lavori, la Vice Ministra per gli Affari Esteri e la Cooperazione Internazionale, Emanuela del Re, ha confermato il sostegno italiano all’attuazione delle Convenzioni di Ottawa per la proibizione dell’uso, stoccaggio, produzione e vendita delle mine antiuomo, nonché a quella di Oslo sulle munizioni a grappolo. Nel ricordare che l’Italia detiene nel 2020 la presidenza del Comitato sull’assistenza alle vittime, nel quadro della Convenzione di Ottawa, la Vice Ministra Del Re ha illustrato le linee strategiche per il 2020 nella gestione del “Fondo Nazionale per lo Sminamento Umanitario”, che conta nel 2020 su una dotazione di circa 4 milioni di euro e le cui attività si concentreranno principalmente, con un approccio integrato, sulla bonifica dei territori, l’educazione al rischio e l’assistenza alle vittime con particolare attenzione alla dimensione economico-sociale dell’azione contro le mine. In particolare, sono previste iniziative nei teatri di crisi più deteriorati, prevalentemente in Africa e Medio Oriente, tra cui: Libia, Yemen e Siria.

Nel corso del suo intervento, la Vice Ministra ha altresì espresso rammarico per l’annuncio dell’amministrazione statunitense di interrompere la moratoria de facto sull’uso di mine anti-persona da parte dei propri contingenti militari, che fino ad ora valeva soltanto per la Penisola coreana. “Benché Washington non sia parte della Convenzione, si tratta di un segnale negativo” ha affermato la Vice Ministra “che anche l’Unione Europea ha stigmatizzato”.

La Vice Ministra ha infine ricordato la sua partecipazione alla “Giornata Nazionale delle vittime civili della guerra e dei conflitti”, di cui ha sottolineato l’importanza nell’ambito delle attività della società civile, e confermato il proprio impegno perché possa proseguire il proprio iter parlamentare il disegno di legge c.d. “sui disinvestimenti”, che prevede il divieto per gli intermediari finanziari di sostenere qualsiasi operazione di credito nei confronti di imprese, con sede in Italia o all’estero, avente ad oggetto mine anti-persona, munizioni e sub munizioni a grappolo.

‘Yazidi women are strong’: Iraq’s female landmine clearance teams

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Behind Hana Khider is a large grey wall map, with the minefields her team have been clearing marked in green. “This is the place where Yazidis lived together,” she says. “It’s where I lived in my childhood; I have so many memories here, it’s very important to me.”

The place is Sinjar, or Shingal as Yazidis know it, on Iraq’s north-western border with Syria. Khider, 28, is speaking via video call from her office in the region.

“This job is so important to me because I feel like I’m doing something good for my family, my community and the people who were displaced from Sinjar. By removing the mines, I’m helping them to maybe one day come back.”

In August 2014, Isis invaded and occupied this region. The group murdered about 5,000 Yazidis, kidnapped and enslaved 6,000 women and children and displaced a community that had been living in towns and villages nestled around Sinjar mountain, sacred to Yazidis, for centuries.

“Before we had a normal life. Everything was good, people were living their life happily. But after the genocide in 2014, everything changed. We’re no longer secure,” Khider says.

By the time Isis was pushed out of Sinjar in 2017, it had planted hundreds of thousands of landmines and other explosive devices in homes, buildings and fields. The group manufactured them on an industrial scale, but also used household items including pots, pans and even video game controllers – whatever it could get its hands on – to build improvised devices.

“People are killed or injured on a daily basis south of the mountain,” Khider explains. An important part of her work is educating the community and children in particular, who are at greatest risk. In one area, a man told her an explosion had killed his 15-year-old nephew as he was out in the fields looking after a herd. His other nephew sustained life-altering injuries.

A new film, Into the Fire, follows Khider and her team of Yazidi women at Mines Advisory Group (MAG), an international charity which removes unexploded bombs in former war zones across the world, as they clear Sinjar.

Demining in Iraq
Hana Khider: ‘People are killed or injured on a daily basis south of the mountain.’ Photograph: Sean Sutton/MAG

The high level of mine contamination is one reason why, three years on from Sinjar’s liberation from Isis, only about a quarter of the population have returned.

Almost 300,000 Yazidi people still live in tented camps and makeshift shelters in the nearby Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Conditions are poor and the community has inadequate access to services, including treatment for high rates of mental illness. Over 2,000 women and children are still missing.

Those who have gone back are living mainly north of the mountain that divides Sinjar, according to Portia Stratton, Iraq country director for MAG.

“The north of the mountain, although badly affected, was less contaminated than the south, as Isis held it for a much shorter period. Also with populations moving back more to the north, we have historically had more information about the contamination in those areas.

“In the south, especially, a lot of work remains to be done,” she says.

The charity cleared Khider’s village in 2016, enabling her and her family to move back, although not to their old house. It had sustained too much damage for that.

A high proportion of homes across the district have been similarly affected, with many completely destroyed. Shrines, schools and public buildings lie in ruins.

“There’s also a lack of services, like medical care and education, especially in the villages,” Khider says. Two of her children are in school, but they have to walk miles everyday through war damage to attend. “What I want more than anything is for them to be safe and free.”

Despite the dangers of her work, Khider never gets scared. “I have confidence in myself and I know that I’m doing the right thing.”

Part of the problem is that Sinjar falls within Iraq’s “disputed territories”, areas claimed by both the Iraqi central government and the Kurdistan regional government.

Political tussling has fuelled conflict, fragmented authority and left Yazidis and other minorities, including Assyrians, Turkmen and Shabaks, in Sinjar and the nearby Nineveh Plains, particularly vulnerable.

A high proportion of homes across the Sinjar district have been affected, with many completely destroyed.
A high proportion of homes across the Sinjar district have been affected, with many completely destroyed. Photograph: Sean Sutton/MAG

There is “a lack of functioning government”, according to Abid Shamdeen, the executive director of Nadia’s Initiative, a charity working in Sinjar set up by Nobel peace prize laureate Nadia Murad.

A lack of official law enforcement in the region also “engenders both chaos and fear”, he says.

A multitude of militias with competing affiliations operate in the area, preventing former residents from returning and hindering reconstruction. This insecurity was highlighted in mid-June by the latest in a series of Turkish air strikes on Sinjar Mountain targeting Kurdish militants, but hitting areas in close proximity to civilians.

“When will @IraqiGovt & the international community apply some courage & political will to resolving security challenges in Sinjar?” tweeted Murad in response.

Despite this precariousness, Khider is committed to the home that she loves. She has now started a new garden.

“I’ve planted simple things, some flowers, vegetables like cucumbers, tomatoes, aubergines,” she says. “I feel like they all have a soul and spirit. I feel happy just watching them.”

It is this attitude that attracted Orlando von Einsiedel, the Oscar-winning director of The White Helmets, to Khider’s story.

“Into the Fire doesn’t focus on the darkness of Isis and its actions. I wanted it instead to focus on the incredible resilience and fortitude of those who survived their atrocities and who are rebuilding their lives and their communities.”

He also hopes that the film will bring greater awareness of the role women play in rebuilding their communities after conflict. “Across the world, MAG has extraordinary teams of female deminers – many of them mothers – who totally challenge stereotypical perceptions of what is ‘woman’s work’.”

Some of Khider’s demining team are former Isis captives.
Some of Khider’s demining team are former Isis captives. Photograph: Sean Sutton/MAG

Khider thinks this work is one way the women on her team, some of whom are former Isis captives and all of whom lost family and friends in 2014, can recover.

“They’re doing this job that previously maybe only men were doing, and it gives them confidence in themselves. They’re doing something good for their community and their family, and they can also depend on themselves, financially and in other ways.”

Khider still works with all the women, but has since been promoted to lead a larger team that includes men. Since 2016 she and her colleagues have cleared more than 27,000 mines from areas liberated from Isis.

When she first saw Into the Fire, she says: “I felt sad seeing the reality that we are living in now and all the things that happened to my community and Yazidi people. But I also felt happy to see the good things that my team and I are doing.

“I hope the film shows people around the world that we Yazidi women are strong, we don’t give up and that we are able to stand up again and live our life, even after everything that we have been through.”

“ Il problema non è la disabilità. Il problema è la discriminazione”

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L’Inviata Speciale del Segretario Generale delle Nazioni Unite per la Disabilità Maria Soledad Cisternas Reyes parla del Comitato sull’Assistenza alle Vittime della Convenzione di Ottawa con il presidente uscente (Jaime Chissano- Mozambico) e con il presidente che ha ricevuto il testimone (Tancredi Francese – Italia).